Mixing Your Own E-Liquids
Mixing up E-Liquid
E-liquid refers to electronic cigarette liquid, it is the stuff that makes your vapor and simulates the real smoking experience. It can be found online in hundreds of flavor and strength combinations in prices ranging from the reasonable (on our website) to the not so reasonable (everyone else’s website). No matter how reasonable our prices may be, you can still save money by doing it yourself, in your home. Mixing e-liquid is not as complicated as you might think and anyone (legal age of course) can easily do it. At its core e-liquid is just three ingredients, nicotine, base carrier fluid and flavoring. We’ll break that down further next.
Nicotine in pure form is a deadly substance and should never be purchased or handled in a non-diluted state but if purchased in a diluted form is perfectly safe to handle even in the case of a spill or skin contact. Standard strengths of nicotine liquid are 18mg, 24mg and 36mg, with “mg” standing for “milligram” which is a weight measure. The higher the mg the “stronger” the nicotine. Consider 12mg the equivalent of a “light” cigarette, 18 to be “medium” and 24 to be “heavy”. You’ll note we sell 36mg nicotine and while we do not recommend anyone use it in its pure form you can use one bottle of 36mg to create two bottles of 18mb (36 / 2 = 18). More on that later.
E-liquid base is generally propylene glycol or vegetable glycerin. You need to have FOOD GRADE USP propylene glycol (PG) or vegetable glycerin (VG) like we provide. The e-liquid bases are the ingredients that create the visible vapor and the “throat hit”. Propylene glycol and vegetable glycerin are safe to use and are used in foods and cosmetics. Some people may develop an allergic reaction to propylene glycol (or in some rare cases vegetable glycerin) so if you are new to this it is best to start out with a small test before you commit to any serious mixing and/or using of these bases. Vegetable glycerin creates more vapor while propylene glycol creates more throat hit. Start out at 50/50 and you’ll be fine. From there you can customize it to suit your preference. NEVER vape undiluted nicotine! It can kill you!
Again, as with the bases, you need to have FOOD GRADE, high temperature resistance and water soluble flavorings. Flavorings that have only room temperature resistance and contain either oil or sugars may not be suitable for a personal vaporizer. We do not recommend you use anything with oil or extra sugars or anything that is not considered a true water soluble flavoring. We also do not recommend any flavors or pre-mixed bottles from overseas as they are not always made under the stringent protocols, procedures and safety concerns as those made in the USA (like ours).
Note: You can’t use your favorite soda or other generic flavor as a flavoring; it will just ruin your cartomizer or atomizer.
That’s it, three basic ingredients. Some people add distilled water, vodka or other alcohols but there are only three required ingredients; nicotine, base carrier and flavoring.
Mixing E-Liquid and Ratios
Unfortunately most of us were not born with a calculator in our heads, so we must use a tool or manually figure out what to add to what to get the best ratio of ingredients.
For small amounts and simple flavors, it’s very easy. Let’s take an example of a 10ml bottle of Cherry e-liquid (Cherry is my favorite, yum).
To make this 10ml bottle we will need:
Nicotine, base carrier, Cherry flavoring and (1) 10ml bottle with dropper and cap.
To figure out how much you need of each you must first decide on the strength of the nicotine you want. Let’s assume a “medium” of 18mg for now to make it easier.
Next the amount of flavorings. In general experience and reports online it seems to be about 10% as a sweet spot for flavorings. (I agree.)
If you are making 10ml bottle of e-liquid that means you will need 1ml of flavor.
1ml of flavoring (10ml / 1ml = 1ml) and 9ml of 18mg nicotine (10ml - 1ml = 9ml). You may have noticed we did not add the base carrier liquid, one of the three basics. This is because the premade nicotine base already has the base carrier liquid mixed in it.
Let’s take a different example:
Suppose you have a bottle of our 36mg 50/50 PG/VG premixed nicotine base. You want to make the same flavor as our last example (cherry) and the same “medium” 18mg strength.
Because our target is now 18mg and our nicotine base is 36mg, we need to cut it in half.
You may have noticed we did not add the base liquid, one of the three basics. Again, this is because the premade nicotine base already has the base carrier liquid mixed in it.
If 10ml of 18mg juice is 18mg of nicotine then following the formula we know we need 5ml of 36ml to reach the same nicotine mg amount. But wait, now we have 1ml of flavor and 5ml of nicotine liquid. That leaves us 4ml to fill.
We use a base carrier liquid of pure 100% USP PG, VG or a mix of both.
1ml of flavoring (10 / 1 = 1) which leaves 9ml to fill up.
5ml of 36mg nicotine liquid (9 - 5 = 4)
4ml of VG/PG base carrier liquid (4 – 4 = 0)
Now we have a 10ml bottle of 18mg nicotine liquid.
More complicated flavors will change your calculations and luckily there is a calculator on our website to help you with that. If you are unsure what to do STOP, take a moment to view the threads on ECF that can give you more information or just email us.